Comparison of First Aid Unit Standards
1 December 2015
The simple task of putting your people on a first aid course is seen as an endearing base for risk assessment and management within workplaces.
We at Vertical Horizonz promote the idea of running the 6400 series which incorporates scenarios based from the industry – providing adequate means in which to provide "real training that saves lives'.
Assessment tasks provide learners with the opportunity to manage an entire situation. It is not critical the learners do all the first aid themselves but it is critical the scene is managed as many roles are required when a tragedy occurs.
Rescuers are provided with a range of safety solutions and use of accepted practices for treatment as outlined in current New Zealand manuals.
The added value of creating simulated scenarios for the potential of serious harm creates extreme awareness amongst the trainees and also promotes them to think of prevention measures.
An added value of doing risk assessment using their own health and safety system is the best advantage for managers to be able to incorporate their own standard operating procedures (SOP).
Comparisons of Unit Standards and Why
Basic One Day Course: 26551, 26552
This will definitely meet the basic first aid requirements; it covers off signs basic trauma care recognition of common medical situations. As it is predominantly theory based, this 8 hour course has a large classroom component. Trainees are assessed practically on 5 topics without the management of each. Then they are asked to complete theory on 9 more topics.
One Day Course: 6401, 6402
Covering the same theory and topics of the 26551, 26552, this course allows each student to complete management of 10 practical scenarios and it is the first day of the 2 day program which can be offered as a basic course. Its leads onto unit standard 6400 manage first aid in an emergency and then onto unit standard 424 first aid in the outdoors.
Workplace 6400 series first aid:
This unit standard, manage first aid in emergency situations goes onto interpret the real risk to our trainees in the workplace.
Providing examples of real situations that offer with those high-risk industries we deliver to.
Assessment schedules or scenario checklists must contain scenario specific information on how the situation and the victims' conditions are expected to be managed. This may cover aspects such as the environment, number of victims, number and description of bystanders, treatment of injuries and what the learner is expected to do in the situation.
"Situation is managed to ensure victims' and bystanders' safety".
Assessment of unit standard 6400 must cover a minimum of two traumas as well as one medical emergency, the real learning comes from the trainee being put into the situation of how to deal with the scene, plus the vital feedback and debrief session that follows.
Feedback from a recent trainee
"When Charli set up the scenario, using fake blood and panicked victims I was so surprised how my heart was pounding and I felt really nervous......it gave me a real fright to think how I really needed to stop and think, but after the scenario debrief I felt like everything we had discussed had so much more value".
Topics that are covered on the 6400 workplace first aid and not in the 26551, 26552 course include those in our high risk hazard management:
Fact: 90% of incidents and accidents are caused from an unsafe act -
How do we prevent incidents from occurring?
For the first time, First Aid has been included in the international guideline review. I think this acknowledges the crucial role of the public and first responders in effecting the Chain of Survival. It also signals that resuscitation – in its broadest sense – must be rigorously scrutinised to promote good outcomes for those in need.
The New Zealand and Australian Resuscitation Councils collaborate to develop resuscitation guidelines that apply to both countries. Currently there are some 75 guidelines.
While the consensus statements released may impact existing guidelines, the nature of today's recommendations will 'fine-tune' current practice. In most cases, the person who is first on the scene at a resuscitation event will be responsible for providing basic life support without access to any equipment or medications.
In December 2013 the New Zealand Fire Service started a joint initiative with Ambulance services to improve patient outcomes from Out of Hospital Cardiac Arrests in the Community (OHCA). For all Purple (Cardiac or Respiratory arrest) incidents a fire appliance is dispatched simultaneously with ambulance resources. The New Zealand Fire Service role in medical response is about working with the ambulance sector to increase survivability from a cardiac or respiratory arrest through early CPR and defibrillation. The geographic spread of New Zealand Fire Service resources means that they are often in a position to arrive quickly at these incidents and begin CPR and defibrillation. But more importantly, having firefighters on scene as an additional resource to paramedics means the crews can rotate constantly to deliver effective CPR for longer, and free up the paramedics to deliver drug therapy.
Ischemic heart disease is the leading cause of death in New Zealand. Know your risk
Having adequately trained workers who have completed the 2 day 6400 series gain a solid understanding of managing a first aid scene. Those attending this program are taught and assessed to be able to assist our higher medical aid officers; therefore dramatically improving survival rates in your place of work, keeping our workplace a safer place to be.
Vertical Horizonz trainers create awareness; we provide real training with the skill set to be able to confidently assist in emergency situations and as importantly we look seriously at prevention of these incidents from "reoccurring'.
It is proven that if you empower the worker they take on and accept the responsibility
- if they know the consequences they are less likely to take the risk.